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The formation and the structure of the banks of the accumulative compositions of the North-Western coast of the Sea of Azov

Nepsha, Oleksandr and Hryshko, Svitlana and Prokhorova, Larysa and Ivanova, Valentina and Zavyalova, Tatyana (2020) The formation and the structure of the banks of the accumulative compositions of the North-Western coast of the Sea of Azov. 20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2020, 1.1 (20). pp. 325-334. ISSN 1314-2704

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Abstract

Based on the processing of the cartographic materials, the literary sources and our own field researches, the conditions of the formation and the structure of the banks of the accumulative compositions of the north-western coast of the Sea of Azov have been disclosed. The coastline of the north-western coast of the Sea of Azov forms smooth bends, and only long sand forelands give it some ruggedness. The modern geologicalgeomorphological processes (abrasion, landslides, rockfall slopes, accumulation) and the lithological composition of the bedrocks have the greatest impact on the formation of its outline. The north-western banks of the Sea of Azov are mostly lowland and they are represented with the accumulative compositions such as the sand-shell Spits (Fedotova Spit, Obytichna Spit, Berdianska Spit) and the polytypic bars (the bar of Molochnyi Estuary) which are stretched from the North-East to the South-West. The structure of the bedrock coast of the spits is represented with the sandy-clayey rocks of the Pliocene and Quaternary ages. The elevated coasts are the active cliffs, the speed of the abrasion averages from 0.8 to 2.5 m per year. As a result of the conducted research, we have been identified 5 areas with the accumulative-abrasive banks within the spits and the bars of the north-western coast of the Sea of Azov and their geological-geomorphological characteristics have been given. The peculiarity of the morphological structure of the coast of the Sea of Azov on the research area is characterized with the presence of the system of the accumulative sand spits, the sizes of which increase from the East to the West. The proportion of the biogenic component in the composition of the material of the spits also increases in the same direction. The distal parts of the spits, as a rule, build up and the subcontinental windward part of them and the bedrock bank between them are eroded. The transition of the clastic material in the coastal zone in the north-western shores of the Sea of Azov occurs in the direction from the North-East to the South-West. The sand spits are formed from the material along the coastal stream. The sources of the power of the flow of the sediment are the products of the destruction of the abrasive cliffs and the supply of the terrigenous material from the bottom of the sea. The generalization of the received results in the way of the research has made it possible to establish: the conditions of the formation of the spits and the bars of the northwestern coast of the Sea of Azov; the modern structure of the banks of the accumulative compositions of the researched part of the coast of the Sea of Azov, which has made it possible to highlight 5 areas with the different types of the coasts within its borders; to give the geological-geomorphological characteristics of the selected areas within the coast.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ISBN: 978-619-7603-04-0
Subjects: Q Наука > QE Геологія
Divisions: Природничо-географічний факультет > Кафедра географії та туризму
Depositing User: Кафедра географії та туризму
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2021 14:02
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2021 14:02
URI: http://eprints.mdpu.org.ua/id/eprint/11382

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