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Effect of soil treatments and amendments on the nematode community under miscanthus growing in a lead contaminated military site

Alasmary, Z. and Todd, T. and Hettiarachchi, G.M. and Stefanovska, T. and Pidlisnyuk, V. and Roozeboom, K. and Erickson, L. and Davis, L. and Zhukov, O. V. (2020) Effect of soil treatments and amendments on the nematode community under miscanthus growing in a lead contaminated military site. Agronomy, 10. pp. 1-18. ISSN 2073-4395

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Effect of Soil Treatments and Amendments on the Nematode Community under Miscanthus Growing.pdf

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Applying phytotechnologies with energy crops on lands contaminated with trace elements provides cellulosic biomass and improves soil health. The process can be reflected in changes in the soil nematode community structure. This study assessed the nematode community composition of soil with Miscanthus grown with different agronomic practices. The research was onducted at Fort Riley, Kansas, USA, in soil with aged contamination by Pb at 1000 to 1500 mg/kg. The experimental design was a randomized complete block composed of four replications of five treatments: Control-undisturbed mixed plant cover and four conditions of Miscanthus growth,which consisted of No-till, Till (immediately before planting), Till + P, and Till + biosolids. Analysis of abundance, diversity, and community functional status indicators showed di�erential sensitivity of nematode taxa to agronomic treatments. Significant transformations in the nematode trophic group structure occurred under Miscanthus cultivation compared with the undisturbed mixed plant cover. Shannon and Pielou index response to agronomic treatments illustrated decreasing nematode community diversity with all Miscanthus agronomic conditions. However, agronomic practices led to increasing nematode community maturity, but those e�ects varied between spring and fall seasons. Increasing herbivores and omnivore-predators were the primary drivers of the observed changes in the nematode community due to planting Miscanthus. The nematode ecological structure indicators suggested that growth in Pb-contaminated land using different agronomical practices likely affects essential soil processes. More study is needed to define the effects of pre-plant tillage and amendments to soil nematode communities and Miscanthus yield over multiple growing seasons of this perennial crop.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Наука > Екологія
Q Наука > Екологія > Біорізноманіття
Divisions: Хіміко-біологічний факультет > Кафедра ботаніки і садово-паркового господарства
Depositing User: Кафедра ботаніки і садово-паркового господарства
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2022 11:21
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 11:21

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